The earliest-known written appearance of the word “freedom” or “liberty” is the Sumerian cuneiform “Ama-gi”, above. Its meaning is freedom from debt slavery. The literal translation is “return to the mother,” as former debt slaves were “returned to their mothers, (i.e., freed).”
This word “Ama-gi” is taken from Uruinimgina’s Reform Text written about 2300 B.C. in the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.
The original idea of LIBERTY is CANCELLATION OF DEBT and a return to the social order established by the gods.
The Hebrew word translated as “liberty” in the Jubilee Leviticus 25 text is “deror”, a word corresponding to “andurarum”, another common word used in the Mesopotamian Semitic Akkadian language found in numerous “Proclamations of Liberty from Debt” that were common edicts of kings in the ancient Sumerian culture. The root meaning of this word is “to move freely,” like running water or, in the case of human movement, like bondservants who had been enslaved for debt but were freed to rejoin their families.
WikiPedia has this to say about Ama-gi and its adoption by various “liberty oriented groups”:
“The cuneiform spelling ama-gi has been adopted as a symbol by several “liberty”-oriented groups. The journal of the Hayek Society at the London School of Economics, the largest libertarian student group in England,is titled Ama-gi.The symbol is used as a logo by the Instituto Politíco para la Libertad of Peru,and another version is a trademarked logo of the publishing firm, Liberty Fund.”